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Geology of National Parks, 3D and Photographic Tours

Aztec Sandstone

Usage of Geologic Unit Name:
Aztec Sandstone*
Aztec Quartzite*

Aztec Sandstone Outcrop
Aztec Sandstone outcrops in the Redstone area of Lake Mead National Recreation Area.

Age:
Triassic?*
Jurassic, Early*
Geologic Province:
Great Basin province*

Areal Extent:
NV(se)*
CA(se)*

Type Locality:
Not compiled to date. Name derived from Aztec Tank, Goodsprings quad, NV (Hewett, 1931)
Unit Name History:
Named (Hewett, 1931). Areal limits (Baker and others, 1936; Longwell, 1949; 1952; Hewett, 1956; Jennings, 1961; Barca, 1966). Age modified (Wilson and Stewart, 1967). Areal limits (Evans, 1971; Davis, 1973; Dunne, 1977). Age modified; Areal limits (Stewart and Carlson, 1978). Areal limits (Marzolf, 1980). Age modified (Stewart, 1980; Marzolf, 1982). Redescribed as "Aztec Quartzite" (Hamilton, 1982). Age modified; Biostratigraphic dating (Reynolds, 1983). Overview (Marzolf, 1983).

REFERENCES

Hewett, D.F., 1931, Geology and ore deposits of the Goodsprings quadrangle, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 162, 172 p., (incl. geologic map, scale 1:62,500).

Baker, A.A., Dane, C.H. and Reeside, J.B., Jr., 1936, Correlation of the Jurassic formations of parts of Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 183, 66 p.

Longwell, C.R., 1949, Structure of the northern Muddy Mountain area, Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 60, no. 5, p. 923-967.

Longwell, C.R., 1952, Basin and Range geology west of the St. George Basin, Utah, IN Cedar City, Utah to Las Vegas, Nevada: Utah Geological Society, Guidebook to the geology of Utah, no. 7, p. 27-44, Prepared in cooperation with the Intermountain Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Hewett, D.F., 1956, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ivanpah Quadrangle, California and Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 275, 172 p., (incl. geologic map, scale 1:125,000).

Jennings, C.W., 1961, Geologic map of California; Kingman sheet: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Barca, R.A., 1966, Geology of the northern part of Old Dad Mountain quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California:California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet, 7, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:62,500.

Wilson, R.F. and Stewart, J.H., 1967, Correlation of Upper Triassic and Triassic(?) formations between southwestern Utah and southern Nevada, IN Contributions to stratigraphy, 1966: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1244-D, p. D1-D20.

Evans, J.R., 1971, Geology and mineral deposits of the Mescal Range quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet, 17, 1 sheet, scale 1:62,500.

Davis, G.A., 1973, Relations between the Keystone and Red Spring thrust faults, eastern Spring Mountains, Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 84, no. 11, p. 3709-3716.

Dunne, G.C., 1977, Geology and structural evolution of Old Dad Mountain, Mojave Desert, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, no. 6, p. 737-748.

Stewart, J.H. (compiler) and Carlson, J.E. (compiler), 1978, Geologic map of Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey State Geologic Map, 1 sheet, scale 1:500,000, Prepared in cooperation with Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. Supersedes U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OF-74-68, and U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF-609. An accompaniment to the map is MF-930.

Marzolf, J.E., 1980, The Aztec Sandstone and stratigraphically related rocks in the Mojave Desert, IN Fife, D.L., and Brown, A.R., editors, Geology and mineral wealth of the California desert; Dibblee volume: South Coast Geological Society Guidebook, October 11-12, 1980, p. 215-220.

Stewart, J.H., 1980, Geology of Nevada; a discussion to accompany the Geologic Map of Nevada: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Special Publication, no. 4, 136 p.

Hamilton, Warren, 1982, Structural evolution of the Big Maria Mountains, northeastern Riverside County, southeastern California, IN Frost, E.G., and Martin, D.L., editors, Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Colorado River region, California, Arizona, and Nevada; Anderson-Hamilton volume: San Diego, CA, Cordilleran Publishers, p. 1-27, Published in conjunction with the Geological Society of America symposium and field trip, April, 1982.

Marzolf, J.E., 1982, Paleographic implications of the Early Jurassic(?) Navajo and Aztec Sandstones, IN Frost, E.G., and Martin, D.L., editors, Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Colorado River region, California, Arizona, and Nevada;Anderson-Hamilton volume: San Diego, CA, Cordilleran Publishers, p. 493-501, Published in conjunction with the Geological Society of America symposium and field trip, April, 1982 Marzolf, J.E., 1983, Early Mesozoic eolian transition from cratonal margin to orogenic-volcanic arc; Field trip 7, IN Gurgel, K.D., ed., Geologic excursions in stratigraphy and tectonics; from southeastern Idaho to the southern Inyo Mountains, California, via Canyonlands and Arches National Parks, Utah; Guidebook, Part 2: Utah Geological and Mineral Survey Special Studies, no. 60, p. 39-46.

Reynolds, R.E., 1983, Jurassic trackways in the Mescal Range, San Bernardino County, California, IN Gurgel, K.D., ed., Geologic excursions in stratigraphy and tectonics; from southeastern Idaho to the southern Inyo Mountains, California, via Canyonlands and Arches National Parks, Utah; Guidebook, Part 2: Utah Geological and Mineral Survey Special Studies, no. 60, p. 46-48.

Flodin, Eric A; Aydin, Atilla, 2004, Evolution of a strike-slip fault network, Valley of Fire State
Park, southern Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.116, no.1-2, p.42-59. Feb 2004

Chapin, Jeff; Pollard, David D, 1999, Geometry, formation mechanism, and effective permeability ofdeformation (compaction) band sets in the Aztec Sandstone, Valley of Fire, Nevada: Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, vol.80, no.46,
Suppl., p.1066,

Flodin, Eric A, Prasad, Manika; Aydin, Atilla, 1999, Petrophysical constraints on deformation styles in Aztec Sandstone: Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, vol.80, no.46, Suppl., p.963.

Turkington, A. V., 1998, Cavernous weathering in sandstone; lessons to be learned from
natural exposure: Papers from the Stone weathering and atmospheric pollution network
(SWAPNet) conference: The Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, vol.31, Part 4,
p.375-383.

Burchfiel, B.C., Cameron, C.S. and Royden, L. H., 1997, Geology of the Wilson Cliffs-Potosi Mountain area, southern Nevada: In, Clarence A. Hall, Jr. symposium; proceedings
Ernst, W Gary; Skinner, Brian J., editors, International Geology Review, vol.39, no.9, p.830-854.

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* show accepted USGS usage. Note that data on this page is modified from information available via the National Geologic Map Database GEOLEX: http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Geolex/geolex_qs.html.

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