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Geology of National Parks, 3D and Photographic Tours

Madison Limestone

Usage of Geologic Unit Name:
Madison Formation (CO*,MT*,ND,WY*)
Madison Group (ID*,MT*,ND*,SD*,WY*)
Madison Limestone (CO*,ID*,MT*,NE*,SD*,UT*,WY*)
Age:
Devonian, Late* (local)
Mississippian, Early*
Kinderhookian*
Osagean*
Mississippian, Late*
Meramecian*
Geologic Province:
Great Basin province*
Sweetgrass arch*
Montana folded belt province*
Piceance basin*
Wasatch uplift*
Denver basin*
Big Horn basin*
Powder River basin*
Wind River basin*
Green River basin*
Yellowstone province*
Areal Extent:
CO*
ID*
MT*
NE*
ND*
SD*
UT*
WY*

Type Locality:
Not designated. Derivation of name not stated (Peale, 1893). Reference section designated on north side of Gibson Reservoir in SE/4 sec. 36, T. 22 N., R. 10 W., Patricks Basin quad, Teton Co., MT (Mudge and others, 1962).

Subunits:
Group rank (alphabetical): Allan Mountain Formation (MT*), Castle Reef Dolostone (MT) or Castle Reef Formation (MT*), Charles Formation (MT*,ND*,SD*), Lodgepole Formation (ND) or Lodgepole Limestone (ID*,MT*,ND*,SD*,WY*), Mission Canyon Formation (ND) or Mission Canyon Limestone (ID*,MT*,ND*,SD*,WY*), Ratcliffe Formation (MT,ND).
Formation rank (alphabetical): Big Goose Member (MT*,WY*), Bull Ridge Member (MT*,WY*), Cottonwood Canyon Member (MT*,WY*), Dean Lake Chert Member (MT), Little Bighorn Member (MT*,WY*), Little Tongue Member (MT*,WY*), Monitor Mountain Member (MT), Muddy Mountain Chert Member (WY), Paine Member (ID,MT,WY), Rooney Chert Member (MT), Saypo Member (MT), Silvertip Conglomerate Member (MT), Woodhurst Member (ID,MT*,UT,WY*).
Unit Name History:
First used (Peale, 1893). Overview (Darton, 1904). Revised (Collier and Cathcart, 1922). Revised; Areal limits (Nolan, 1930). Revised; Areal limits; Overview (Gilluly, 1932). Revised; Overview (Brainerd and others, 1933). Revised (Deiss, 1933; Branson, 1937; Seager, 1942). Overview (Sloss and Hamblin, 1942). Biostratigraphic dating (Cooper and Prouty, 1943). Revised (Cobban, 1945; Williams, 1948). Overview (Weller and others, 1948). Revised (Laird and Towse, 1951; Holland, 1952; Nordquist, 1953). Overview (Andrichuk, 1955; McCourt, 1955). Areal limits (Rothrock, 1955). Revised (Chamberlain, 1955; Fuller, 1956; Saskatchewan Geological Society, 1956). Revised; Overview (Harrison and Flood, 1957). Age modified; Revised (Strickland, 1957). Revised (Anderson and Carlson, 1958). Revised; Overview (Anderson, 1958). Revised (North Dakota Geological Society, 1959; Anderson and others, 1960). Biostratigraphic dating (Sando, 1960a). Overview (Sando, 1960b). Revised (Eastwood, 1961). Reference; Revised (Mudge and others, 1962). Overview (Ballard, 1963; Robinson and Barnett, 1963). Areal limits; Overview (Maughan, 1963; Gries and Mickelson, 1964; Billings Geol. Society, 1964). Areal limits (Staatz and Carr, 1964). Revised (Carlson, Anderson, 1966; Mallory, 1967). Revised; Age modified locally (Sandberg and Klapper, 1967). Overview (Craig, 1972). Revised (Love and Albee, 1972). Revised; Areal limits (Sando, 1974). Revised (Sandberg and Gutschick, 1984; Nichols, 1984; Wardlaw and Pecora, 1985). Revised; Areal limits (Sando and others, 1985). Revised (Powers, 1986). Revised; Areal limits (Sando, Sandberg, 1987). Not used (Webster and others, 1987).

References

Peale, A.C., 1893, The Paleozoic section in the vicinity of Three Forks, Montana, with petrographic notes by G.P. Merrill: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 110, 56 p.

Darton, N.H., 1904, Comparison of the stratigraphy of the Black Hills, Bighorn Mountains, and Rocky Mountain Front Range: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 15, p. 379-448.

Collier, A.J. and Cathcart, S.H., 1922, Possibility of finding oil in laccolithic domes south of the Little Rocky Mountains, Montana, IN Contributions to economic geology, 1922; Part 2, Mineral fuels: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 736-F, p. F171-F178.

Nolan, T.B., 1930, Paleozoic formations in the Gold Hill quadrangle, Utah: Washington Academy of Sciences Journal, v. 20, no. 17, p. 421-432.

Gilluly, James, 1932, Geology and ore deposits of the Stockton and Fairfield quadrangles, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 173, 171 p.

Brainerd, A.E., Baldwin, H.L., Jr. and Keyte, I.A., 1933, Pre-Pennsylvanian stratigraphy of Front Range in Colorado: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 17, no. 4, p. 375-396.

Deiss, C.F., 1933, Paleozoic formations of northwestern Montana: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Memoir, no. 6, 51 p.

Branson, C.C., 1937, Stratigraphy and fauna of the Sacajawea formation, Mississippian of Wyoming: Journal of Paleontology, v. 11, no. 8, p. 650-660.

Sloss, L.L. and Hamblin, R.H., 1942, Stratigraphy and insoluble residues of Madison group (Mississippian), Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 26, no. 3, p. 305-335.

Seager, O.A., 1942, Test on Cedar Creek anticline, southeastern Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 26, no. 5, p. 861-864.

Cooper, B.N. and Prouty, C.E., 1943, Stratigraphy of the lower Middle Ordovician of Tazewell County, Virginia: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 54, no. 6, p. 819-886.

Cobban, W.A., 1945, Marine Jurassic formations of the Sweetgrass arch, Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 29, no. 9, p. 1262-1303.

Weller, J.M. and and others, 1948, Correlation of the Mississippian formations of North America: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 59, no. 2, p. 91-198.

Williams, J.S., 1948, Geology of the Paleozoic rocks, Logan quadrangle, Utah: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 59, no. 11, p. 1121-1164.

Laird, W.M. and Towse, D.F., 1951, Stratigraphy of North Dakota with reference to oil possibilities: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 2, 2 sheets, Revised.

Holland, F.D., Jr., 1952, Stratigraphic details of Lower Mississippian rocks of northeastern Utah and southwestern Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 36, no. 9, p. 1697-1734.

Nordquist, J.W., 1953, Mississippian stratigraphy of northern Montana, IN The Little Rocky Mountains; Montana [and] southwestern Saskatchewan: Billings Geological Society Guidebook, no. 4, September, 1953, p. 68-82.

Andrichuk, J.M., 1955, Mississippian Madison group stratigraphy and sedimentation in Wyoming and southern Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 39, no. 11, p. 2170-2210.

McCourt, J.H., 1955, Reagan field, Glacier County, Montana IN Lewis, P.J., ed., Sweetgrass arch-Disturbed belt, Montana: Billings Geological Society Guidebook, no. 6, p. 177-181.

Rothrock, E.P., 1955, South Dakota as an oil prospect, IN Guidebook; South Dakota Black Hills [3rd] field conference: North Dakota Geological Society Field Conference Guidebook, [no. 3], p. 76-80.

Chamberlain, V.R., 1955, Sub-surface carbonates of the Madison group in the Sweetgrass arch area, IN Lewis, P.J., ed., Sweetgrass arch-Disturbed belt, Montana: Billings Geological Society Guidebook, no. 6, p. 78-84.

Fuller, J.G., 1956, Mississippian rocks and oilfields in southeastern Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan Geological Survey, Department of Mineral Resources (Regina) Report, v. 19, no. 59, 72 p.

Saskatchewan Geological Society, 1956, Report of the Mississippian Names and Correlations Committee: Saskatchewan Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook.

Strickland, J.W., 1957, Summary of Mississippian and Devonian stratigraphy, Wind River basin, Wyoming: Wyoming Geological Association Field Conference Guidebook, no. 12, p. 20-28.

Harrison, R.L., Jr. and Flood, A.L., 1957, Mississippian correlations in the International Boundary areas, IN First international Williston basin symposium: International Williston Basin Symposium Field Trip Guide, no. 1, Joint annual field conference of North Dakota Geological Society and Saskatchewan Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, October 9-12, 1956, p. 36-51, Revised with title, Correlations in the Williston basin: Canadian Oil and Gas Industries, v. 10, no. 7, p. 79-88.

Anderson, S.B. and Carlson, C.G., 1958, Madison subcrop-Spearfish isopach map; Bottineau area [North Dakota]: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 30, 1 sheet.

Anderson, S.B., 1958, Study reveals Mississippi series possibilities [North Dakota]: World Oil, v. 147, no. 7, p. 136-144, Also, 1959, North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 31, 9 p.

North Dakota Geological Society, 1959, Mississippian Committee Interim Report: Geologram, v. 2, no. 4.

Sando, W.J., 1960, Distribution of corals in the Madison group and correlative strata in Montana, western Wyoming, and northeastern Utah, IN Zapp, A.D., and Cobban, W.A., editors, Geological Survey research 1960; short papers in the geological sciences; Articles 1-232: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 400-B, p. B225-B227.

Anderson, S.B., Hansen, D.E. and Eastwood, W.P., 1960, Subsurface studies, IN Oil fields in the Burke County area, North Dakota; geological, magnetic, and engineering studies: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 36, p. 1-25.

Sando, W.J., 1960, Corals from well cores of Madison group, Williston basin [Montana], IN Contributions to general geology, 1957: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1071-F, p. F157-F190, Revised in Journal of Paleontology, v. 35, no. 5, Sept. 1961, p. 1088-1089.

Eastwood, W.P., 1961, Maps of the Frobisher-Alida interval, North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 37, 3 sheets, scale 1:285,120.

Mudge, M.R., Sando, W.J. and Dutro, J.T., Jr., 1962, Mississippian rocks of the Sun River Canyon area, Sawtooth Range, Montana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 46, no. 11, p. 2003-2018.

Maughan, E.K., 1963, Mississippian rocks in the Laramie Range, Wyoming, and adjacent areas; Article 66, IN Geological Survey research 1963; short papers in geology and hydrology; Articles 60-121: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 475-C, p. C23-C27.

Robinson, G.D. and Barnett, H.F., 1963, Geology of the Three Forks quadrangle, Montana, with sections on petrography of igneous rocks by H.F. Barnett: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 370, 143 p.

Ballard, F.V., 1963, Structural and stratigraphic relationships in the Paleozoic rocks of eastern North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 40.

Staatz, M.H. and Carr, W.J., 1964, Geology and mineral deposits of the Thomas and Dugway Ranges, Juab and Tooele Counties, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 415, 188 p., (incl. geologic map, scale 1:31,680).

Gries, J.P. and Mickelson, J.C., 1964, Mississippian carbonate rocks of western South Dakota and adjoining areas, IN Third international Williston basin symposium: International Williston Basin Symposium Field Trip Guide, no. 3, Joint annual field conference of Billings [Montana] Geological Society, 15th, North Dakota Geological Society, and Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, September, 1964, p. 109-118.

Billings Geological Society, 1964, Lower Mississippian correlations of eastern Montana, IN Third international Williston basin symposium: International Williston Basin Symposium Field Trip Guide, no. 3, Joint annual field conference of Billings [Montana] Geological Society, 15th, North Dakota Geological Society, and Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, September, 1964, p. 105-108.

Carlson, C.G. and Anderson, S.B., 1966, A look at the lower and middle Madison of northwestern North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations, no. 43, 14 p.

Mallory, W.W., 1967, Pennsylvanian and associated rocks in Wyoming, IN Shorter contributions to general geology, 1966: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 554-G, p. G1-G31.

Sandberg, C.A. and Klapper, Gilbert, 1967, Stratigraphy, age, and paleotectonic significance of the Cottonwood Canyon Member of the Madison Limestone in Wyoming and Montana, IN Contributions to general geology, 1967: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1251-B, p. B1-B70.

Craig, L.C., 1972, Mississippian System, IN Geologic atlas of the Rocky Mountain region, United States of America: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p. 100-110.

Love, J.D. and Albee, H.F., 1972, Geologic map of the Jackson quadrangle, Teton County, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map, I-769-A, 1 sheet.

Sando, W.J., 1974, Bull Ridge Member of Mission Canyon Limestone, Beartooth Mountains, southern Montana, IN Cohee, G.V., and Wright, W.B., Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1972: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1394-A, p. A82-A83.

Sandberg, C.A. and Gutschick, R.C., 1984, Distribution, microfauna, and source-rock potential of Mississippian Delle Phosphatic Member of Woodman Formation and equivalents, Utah and adjacent states, IN Woodward, Jane, Meissner, F.F., and Clayton, J.L., editors, Hydrocarbon source rocks of the greater Rocky Mountain region: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists Field Conference Guidebook, p. 135-178.

Nichols, K.M., 1984, Stratigraphy of the upper part of the Madison Group, Sawtooth Range, northwestern Montana, IN McBane, J.D., and Garrison, P.B., editors, 1984 field conference guidebook; northwest Montana and adjacent Canada: Montana Geological Society Annual Field Conference, 1984, p. 127-.

Sando, W.J., Sandberg, C.A. and Perry, W.J., Jr., 1985, Revision of Mississippian stratigraphy, northern Tendoy Mountains, southwest Montana, IN Sando, W.J., ed., Mississippian and Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in southwest Montana and adjacent Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1656-A, p. A1-A10.

Wardlaw, B.R. and Pecora, W.C., 1985, New Mississippian-Pennsylvanian stratigraphic units in southwest Montana and adjacent Idaho, IN Sando, W.J., ed., Mississippian and Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in southwest Montana and adjacent Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1656-B, p. B1-B9.

Powers, R.B., 1986, The Willow Creek Fault, eastern Uinta Mountains; geologic analysis of a foreland subthrust play, IN Stone, D.S., and Johnson, K.S., editors, New interpretations of northwest Colorado geology: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists Field Conference Guidebook, p. 183-190.

Sando, W.J. and Sandberg, C.A., 1987, New interpretations of Paleozoic stratigraphy and history in the northern Laramie Range and vicinity, southeast Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1450, 39 p.

Webster, G.D., Davis, L.E. and Wickwire, D.W., 1987, Lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy of Early Mississippian strata of southeastern Idaho and northeastern Utah, U.S.A.: Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, v. 98, p. 179-191.

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* show accepted USGS usage. Note that data on this page is modified from information available via the National Geologic Map Database GEOLEX:
http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Geolex/geolex_qs.html.

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