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Geology of National Parks, 3D and Photographic Tours

Guadalupe Mountains National Park and Carlsbad Caverns National Park (Texas and New Mexico)

Selected References
Anderson, R. Y., Dean, W. E., Kirkland, D. W., and Snider, H. I., 1972, Permian Castile varved evaporite sequence, west Texas and New Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 83, p. 59-86.

Bebout, D. G. and Kerans, C., editors, 1993, Guide to the Permian Reef Geology Trail, McKittrick Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas: Texas Bureau of Economic Geology, Guidebook 26,48 p. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/gumo/1993_26/index.htm.

Brown, A., 2006, The mouth of Slaughter Canyon: in Caves & Karst of Southeastern New Mexico, Land, L., Lueth, V. W., Raatz, W., Boston, P., and Love, D. L., New Mexico Geological Society Fifty-seventh Annual Field Trip Conference (September 21-24, 2006), p. 22-23.

Hayes, P. T., 1964, Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 446, scale 1:62500. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/cave/446/index.htm

Hayes, P. T., 1957, Geology of the Carlsbad Caverns East quadrangle, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey, Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-98, scale 1:62500. Available on-line at: http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_1027.htm

Hayes, P. T. and Koogle, R. L., 1958, Geology of the Carlsbad Caverns West Quadrangle, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-112, scale 1:62,500: Available on-line at:
>http://onlinepubs.er.usgs.gov/djvu/GQ/GQ_112.djvu (requires LizardTech plug-in (DJVU reader available for download at http://www.celartem.com/en/download/djvu.asp).

Hill, C. A., 2000, Overview of the geologic history of cave development in the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 62, no. 2, p. 60-71. Available on-line at:
http://www.caves.org/pub/journal/PDF/V62/v62n2-Hill.pdf

Hill, C. A., 2006, Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains: an overview of recent ideas: in Caves & Karst of Southeastern New Mexico, Land, L., Lueth, V. W., Raatz, W., Boston, P., and Love, D. L., New Mexico Geological Society Fifty-seventh Annual Field Trip Conference (September 21-24, 2006), p. 145-150.

Kelley, V. C., 1971, Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains-Carlsbad region: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Memoir 24, scale 1:187500.

King, P. B., 1948, Geology of the southern Guadalupe Mountains, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 215, scale 1:48000.

Kurtz, D. and Goran, W. D., 1986, Trails of the Guadalupes: A Hiker's Guide to the Trails of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Champaign, Illinois: Environmental Associates, 55 p.

Lucas, G. G., and Anderson, O. R., 1994, Ochoan (upper Permian) stratigraphy and age determinations, southeastern New Mexico and west Texas: AAPG Bulletin, v. 78, no: 3, p. 496.

National Park Service, 2007, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Geologic Resource Evaluation Report:
Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2007/003, 43 p. Available on-line at: http://www.nature.nps.gov/GEOLOGY/inventory/publications/reports/cave_gre_rpt_view.pdf.

National Park Service, 2008, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Geologic Resource Evaluation Report:
Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2007/003, 38 p. Available on-line at:
http://www.nature.nps.gov/GEOLOGY/inventory/publications/reports/gumo_gre_rpt_view.pdf.

National Park Service, 2009, Geologic Formations: Guadalupe Mountains National Park website. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/gumo/naturescience/geologicformations.htm.

National Park Service, [2010], Carlsbad Caverns, Cave Geology: Dissolution and decoration: Carlsbad Caverns National Park brochure, 2 p. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/cave/planyourvisit/upload/cave_geology.pdf.

National Park Service, [2010b], Carlsbad Caverns, The Permian Period: Fossils from and ancient reef. (286-230 million years before present): Carlsbad Caverns National Park brochure, 2 p. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/cave/planyourvisit/upload/permian_world.pdf

National Park Service, [2010c], Carlsbad Caverns, Surface geology: from living reef to desert mountains: Carlsbad Caverns National Park brochure, 2 p. Available on-line at: http://www.nps.gov/cave/planyourvisit/upload/surface_geology.pdf

NBII, [2010], Upper Gila Mountains ecoregions: National Biological Information Infrastructure database website: Available on-line at:
http://www.nbii.gov/portal/server.pt/community/ecoregions_of_cswgcin/1815/upper_gila_mountains/6722

Palmer, A., 2004, Carlsbad Caverns National Park; southeast New Mexico: in Geology of National Parks (6th edition): Harris, A. G, Tuttle, E, and Tuttle, S. D.: Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company p. 221-232.

Polyak, V. J., McIntosh, W. C., Güven, N. and Provencio, P., 1998, Age and Origin of Carlsbad Caverns and related caves from 40Ar/39Ar of Alunite: Science, v. 279, no 5358, p. 1919-1922

Road Log Committee, 1988, Road Log, Second Day, McKittrick Canyon: in Guadalupe Mountains Revisited, Texas and New Mexico: Reid, S. T., Bass, R. O., and Welch, P., editors, West Texas Geological Society, 1988 Field Seminar (October 13-16, 1988, Carlsbad, New Mexico guidebook): West Texas Geological Society Publication 88-84, p. 76-81.

Queen, J. M. and Hose, L. D., 2006, Trail guide to and discussion of the geology of Carlsbad Cavern: Main Corridor and Big Room: in Caves & Karst of Southeastern New Mexico, Land, L., Lueth, V. W., Raatz, W., Boston, P., and Love, D. L., New Mexico Geological Society Fifty-seventh Annual Field Trip Conference (September 21-24, 2006), p. 151-160.

Sanchez, P. G., 1964, Trail log of Carlsbad Caverns: in Geology of the Capitan Reef Complex of the Guadalupe Mountains, Culberson County, Texas and Eddy County, New Mexico: Field Trip Guidebook (May 6-9,1964): Roswell, New Mexico: Roswell Geological Society, p. 47-65.

Schwartz, A. H., 1981, Geologic map of Rattlesnake Canyon and Walnut Canyon area of southeastern Guadalupe Mountains showing stratigraphic sections: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Open-File Report 150, scale 1:30000.

Schwartz, A. H., 1981, Geologic map of the study area and locations of measured sections: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Open-File Report 150, scale 1:30000.

Tinker, S. W., 2000, Shelf-to-basin facies distributions and sequence stratigraphy of a steep-rimmed carbonate margin: Capitan depositional system, McKittrick Canyon, New Mexico and Texas: in Classic Permian Geology of West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico, 75 Years of Permian Basin Oil & Gas Exploration & Development: Lindsay, R. F., Trentham, R. C., Ward, R. F., and Smith, A. H., editors, West Texas Geological Society Publication 00-108, p. 207-243.

U.S. Geological Survey, 2007, Exploring Caves: Teaching Packet for Grades K-3: Available on-line at:
http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/teachers-packets/exploringcaves/

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